Sunday, August 12, 2012

(November 30, 1897-March 19,1996)

“Nursing theories mirror different realities, throughout their development; they reflected the interests of nurses of that time.”


  • A researcher, theorist and author.
  •  “The Nightingale of Modern Nursing”.
  •  “Modern-Day Mother of Nursing”.
  •  "The 20th century Florence Nightingale".
  •  Born in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1897.
  • The fifth of eight children of Lucy A. Henderson and Daniel B. Henderson.


  • Early education at home in Virginia with her aunts, her sister and an uncle, Charles Abbot, at his school for boys in the community Army School of Nursing, Washington, D.C.
  • Graduated in 1921 at Teachers College, Columbia University (Bachelor of Science degree completed in 1931 while Masters of Science degree in 1934)

  • Diploma in Nursing from the Army School of Nursing at Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D.C. in 1921.
  • Worked at the Henry Street Visiting Nurse Service for 2 years after graduation.
  • In 1923, started teaching nursing at the Norfolk Protestant Hospital in Virginia
  • In 1929, entered Teachers College at Columbia University for  Bachelor’s Degree in 1932, Master’s Degree in 1934.
  • Joined Columbia as a member of the faculty, remained until 1948.
  • Since 1953, a research associate at Yale University School of Nursing.
  • Recipient of numerous recognitions.
  • Honorary doctoral degrees from the Catholic University of America, Pace University, University of Rochester, University of Western Ontario, Yale University.
  •  In 1985, honored at the Annual Meeting of the Nursing and Allied Health Section of the Medical Library Association.

She died in 1996 at the Connecticut Hospice, aged 98, and was interred in her family's plot of the churchyard of St. Stephen's Church, Forest, Bedford County, Virginia. She is survived by her niece, her great-niece Catherine Burdge, and her great-great niece Lucy Burdge.


  • "Nurses care for patients until patient can care for themselves once again. Patients desire to return to health, but this assumption is not explicitly stated.
  • Nurses are willing to serve and that “nurses will devote themselves to the patient day and night” A final assumption is that nurses should be educated at the university level in both arts and sciences. 



    1.) PERSON
    • Have basic needs that are component of health.
    • Requiring assistance to achieve health and independence or a peaceful death.
    • Mind and body are inseparable and interrelated.
    • Considers the biological, psychological, sociological, and spiritual components.
    • The theory presents the patient as a sum of parts with biopsychosocial needs, and the patient is neither client nor consumer.
    • Settings in which an individual learns unique pattern for living.
    • All external conditions and influences that affect life and development.
    • Individuals in relation to families
    • Minimally discusses the impact of the community on the individual and family.
    • Supports tasks of private and public agencies Society wants and expects nurses to act for individuals who are unable to function independently. In return she expects society to contribute to nursing education.
    • Basic nursing care involves providing conditions under which the patient can perform the 14 activities unaided.

    3.) HEALTH

    • Definition based on individual’s ability to function independently as outlined in the 14 components.
    • Nurses need to stress promotion of health and prevention and cure of disease.
    • Good health is a challenge. Affected by age, cultural background, physical, and intellectual capacities, and emotional balance.

  • Temporarily assisting an individual who lacks the necessary strength, will and knowledge to satisfy 1 or more of 14 basic needs.
  • Assists and supports the individual in life activities and the attainment of independence.
  • Nurse serves to make patient “complete” “whole", or "independent."
  • Henderson's classic definition of nursing:
  • "I say that the nurse does for others what they would do for themselves if they had the strength, the will, and the knowledge. But I go on to say that the nurse makes the patient independent of him or her as soon as possible."
  • The nurse is expected to carry out physician’s therapeutic plan Individualized care is the result of the nurse’s creativity in planning for care.
  • Use nursing research
  • Categorized Nursing : nursing care
  • Non nursing: ordering supplies, cleanliness and serving food.
  • In the Nature of Nursing “ that the nurse is and should be legally, an independent practitioner and able to make independent judgments as long as s/he is not diagnosing, prescribing treatment for disease, or making a prognosis, for these are the physicians function.”

     “Nurse should have knowledge to practice individualized and human care and should be a scientific problem solver.”

  • In the Nature of Nursing Nurse role is,” to get inside the patient’s skin and supplement his strength will or knowledge according to his needs.”
  • And nurse has responsibility to assess the needs of the individual patient, help individual meet their health need, and or provide an environment in which the individual can perform activity unaided
  • Henderson's classic definition of nursing

    "I say that the nurse does for others what they would do for themselves if they had the strength, the will, and the knowledge.But I go on to say that the nurse makes the patient independent of him or her as soon as possible."


Comparison with Maslow's Hierarchy of Need
Maslow's Henderson
Physiological needs
Breathe normally
Eat and drink adequately Eliminate by all avenues of elimination Move and maintain desirable posture Sleep and rest Select suitable clothing Maintain body temperature Keep body clean and well groomed and protect the integument
Safety Needs
Avoid environmental dangers and avoid injuring other
Belongingness and love needs
Communicate with others
worship according to one's faith
Esteem needs
Work at something providing a sense of accomplishment
Play or participate in various forms of recreation
Learn, discover, or satisfy curiosity



We, the freshmen BSN students of Mindanao State University Buug Campus, Academic School Year 2012-2013, First Semester, 







    made this blog as a requirement in our major subject TFN (Theoretical Foundation in Nursing).